The Major Rivers in India and Their Origin

In this post, we shall learn about The Major Rivers in India and Their Origin. Major Rivers in India are divided into the (A) Himalayan Rivers and (B) Indian Plateau.

Himalayan rivers are (i) Ganga River in India (ii) Yamuna River in India (iii) Brahmaputra in India and (iv) Indus River and . These are not just rivers they are rivers systems in India.

Let’s see the detailed information related to The Major Rivers in India

A. Himalayan Rivers System in India

(i) Ganga River System in India

The River Ganga is the longest and the main river of India. It is 2525 kilometers long and it flows through the states Bihar, Jharkhand, and West Bengal. The River Ganga is the most sacred river to Hindus. It is also a lifeline to many Indians-who live along its course and depend on it for their daily work. The River Ganga originates from Gangotri Glacier at Gomukh, Himalaya. The headwaters of Ganga is known as Bhagirathi. It joins River Alakhnanda at Devprayag and from here the river is known as Ganga.

(ii) Yamuna River System in India

The Yamuna is the second-largest tributary of the Ganga river. The Yamuna originates at Yamnotri and joins Ganga at Allahabad. The Yamuna is the longest river in India that does not directly flow. The rivers joining Ganga from the North are (i) Ramganga, (ii) Gomati, (iii) Ghagra ( Rapti joins Ghagra ), (iv) Gandak and Kosi. River Ghagra is the largest tributary of Ganga. The rivers joining the Yamuna from the south are Chambal. Now the tributaries of Chambal are Banas Parbati and Kailasind. Other tributaries of Yamuna are Sind and Betwa. The tributary of Betwa is Ghassan. Then it is ken and Tons. River Shon joins river Ganga. The tributary river Shon are Rihand and koel. In the West Bengal river, Ganga is joined by Damodar and Mayurakshi.

(iii) Brahmaputra River System in India

The next important Himmelen River is Brahmaputra River. It is one of the major rivers of Asia, which flows through China India, and Bangladesh. This river is 3840 Km long. River Brahmaputra is also called Tsangpo in Tibet. It Originates on the chemayungdung Glacier, located on the northern side of the Himalayas in Burang County of  Tibet.

When I say County is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes, in certain modern nations.

The Brahmaputra entered India in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. Where it is called SiangIn Assam s the river is called Brahmaputra. In Bangladesh, the Brahmaputra is mixed by the River Teesta then it is known as Jamuna.

Later on, it merges with the lower Ganga, called a River Padma. In the last part, the River is called Meghna. Now the main tributaries of Brahmaputra are (i) River Teesta, (ii) Dhubri, (iii) Manas, (iv) Subansiri, (v) Lohit, (vi) Dibang, (Vii) Dhansiri, (viii) Kopili and (ix) Meghna.

Rivers Meghna in the initial stage is known as river Barak. River Surma when it turns South it is known as Meghna.

(iv) Indus River System in India

Well, the Indus River is 3,180 km long and this makes it one of the longest rivers in Asia. The river Indus originates in the western part of Tibet, in the vicinity of Mount Kailash and Lake Manasarovar. The river passes through Jammu Kashmir and before joining the Arabian Sea it passes through Pakistan. Indus River is the longest river and the National River of Pakistan.
Rivers Satluj is the largest Tributary river Indus. It originates from Rakshastal Lake in Tibet. This river flows through the states of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, and joins Indus in Pakistan. The tributaries of Indus are (i) Jhelum, (ii) Chenab, (iii) Ravi, and (iv) Beas and in the northern part, the tributaries are (i) Shyok, (ii) Gilgit, and (iii) Zaskar.

B. Indian Plateau Rivers System in India

The important Rivers of the Indian Plateau are (i) Mahanadi, (ii) Godavari, (iii) Krishna, (iv) Kaveri, (v) Narmada, and (vi) Tapi.

(i) Mahanadi River System in India

River Mahanadi originates in Chattisgarh. It is a major River of Chhattisgarh and Odisha. The tributaries of ever Mahanadi are (i) Seonath, (ii) Hasdeo, (iii) Mand, (iv) Ib, and (v) river Tel.

(ii) Godavari River System in India

After the river, the Ganga Godavari river is the second-longest river in India. It has its source at Trimbakeshwar. The main tributaries of river Godavari are (i) River Parvara, (ii) Puma, and (iii) Wainganga. The tributaries of Wainganga are Penganga and river Wardhas.

(iii) Krishna River System in India

Krishna River originates in the Western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar. The main tributaries of Krishna are Bhima, Tungabhadra, Ghatprabha, and Malaprabha. Then it is river Penne and river Kaveri. The two important Westward flowing rivers of India are Narmada and Tapi. Narmada River is the longest westward flowing river of India.

List the Major Rivers in India and Their Origin

SL No.The Major River in IndiaRiver Origin
1GangaGangotri Glacier
2YamunaYamunotri Glacier
3BrahmaputraHimalayan Glacier in Tibet
4SonAmarkantak, Madhya Pradesh, Tributary of Ganga
5KosiBihar near Indo-Nepal border
6ChambalMadhya Pradesh, Tributary of Yamuna river
7Gomtistarting from Gomat Taal, UP
8DamodarJharkhand
9MahanandaPaglajhora falls in Darjeeling , West Bengal
10AlaknandaSatopanth and Bhagirathi-Kharak glacier
11BhagirathiGaumukh, Uttarakhand
12ParbatiMantalai Glacier
13SuruPanzella Glacier
14KaveriTalakaveri in Western Ghats , Karnataka
15KrishnaWestern Ghats in Maharashtra
16GodavariOriginates in Maharashtra
17TaptiRises in Eastern Satpura Ranges at Madhya Pradesh
18NarmadaAmarkantak, Madhya Pradesh
19IndravatiDandakaranya range, Odisha
20AmravatiAnamalai hills, Chinnar rivers
21BetwaTributary of Yamuna, Originates in Vindhya region, Madhya Pradesh
22GhaghraHimalayan Glacier from Tibet, tributary of Ganga
23GandakNepal-Triveni Sangam, tributary of Ganges
24Yarlung Tsangpo Riveroriginates the upper stream of Brahmaputra in Tibet
25DibangTributary flowing through Arunachal Pradesh
26LohitTributaries of Brahmaputra, Arunachal Pradesh
27TeestaOriginates in the borders of Sikkim and Tibet, West Bengal
28SabarmatiDhebar lake, Aravalli range in Rajasthan
29GomaiSatpura Range
30MahanadiDhamtari, Chhattisgarh

Article Sources: Wikipedia

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