Scientific Names of Some Common Plants and Animals

Introduction to Binomial Nomenclature

Binomial nomenclature is a system of naming organisms in which each species is given a unique name consisting of two parts: the genus and the species. The genus is a group of closely related species, and the species is a specific group within the genus.

The system of binomial nomenclature was developed by Carolus Linnaeus in the 18th century, and it is still in use today. Linnaeus’ system was based on the idea that every species should have a unique name, and that this name should be based on the characteristics of the organism.

Under the system of binomial nomenclature, each organism is given a scientific name that consists of two parts: the genus and the species. The genus is always capitalized and the species is not. For example, the scientific name for the domestic dog is Canis lupus, where “Canis” is the genus and “lupus” is the species.

The system of binomial nomenclature is used by scientists all over the world to name and classify organisms, and it helps to ensure that each species has a unique and consistent name. We can understand this system better with an example…

Rules of Writing a Scientific Name

There are a few rules that should be followed when writing a scientific name:

  1. The scientific name should be written in italics or underlined.
  2. The genus name should be capitalized and the species name should be lowercase.
  3. The scientific name should be written in full the first time it is mentioned in a paper or article, and then the abbreviated form can be used thereafter. For example, the scientific name for the domestic dog (Canis lupus) could be written as “Canis lupus” the first time it is mentioned, and then “C. lupus” thereafter.
  4. When referring to multiple species within the same genus, the genus name can be abbreviated. For example, “Canis lupus and Canis familiaris” could be written as “C. lupus and C. familiaris.”
  5. When writing the scientific name of a species that has been recently reclassified or renamed, it is important to use the most up-to-date name.
Modern Humans
Generic NameHomo
Specific Namesapiens

Scientific Name Of Some Common Animals

Listed below are the scientific names of some common animals which are usually askeded in competitive exams.

Some Common Animals Names with Their Scientific Names

Name of AnimalsScientific Name
AntFormicidae
Arabian camelCamelus dromedarius
African elephantLoxodonta
AlbatrossDiomedeidae
AlpacaVicugna pacos
Asian ElephantElephas maximus
BatChiroptera
BirdAves
Brown Tree SnakeBoiga irregularis
GaurBos gaurus
GoatCapra aegagrus hircus
BearUrsidae
Polar bearUrsus maritimus
Sun bearHelarctos malayanus
BlackbuckAntilope cervicapra
Black ratRattus rattus
BuffaloBubalus bubalis
BulbulPycnonotidae
ButterflyRhopalocera
CatFelis catus
CheetahAcinonyx jubatus
ChinkaraGazella bennettii
CobraNaja
CockroachBlattodea
Common MynaAcridotheres tristis
CowBos taurus
CrocodileCrocodylus palustris
DeerCervidae
DogCanis lupus familiaris
DolphinCetacea
EagleAccipitridae
ElephantElephantidae
fishVertebrata
Red foxVulpes vulpes
Gavial or GharialGavialis gangeticus
GiraffeGiraffa camelopardalis
Great horned owlBubo virginianus
HenGallus gallus domesticus
HippopotamusHippopotamus amphibius
HorseEquus caballus
House crowCorvus splendens
HouseflyMusca domestica
House mouseMus musculus
House sparrowPasser domesticus
House wall LizardHemidactylus flaviviridis
Indian CobraNaja naja
parrotPsittaciformes
Indian PythonPython molurus
Kashmir stag or hangulCervus canadensis hanglu
King cobraOphiophagus hannah
KoelEudynamys scolopaceus
Leopard or pantherPanthera pardus
MonkeySimiiformes (infraorder)
MosquitoCulicidae
LionPanthera leo
LizardSquamata
NilgaiBoselaphus tragocamelus
PeacockPavo cristatus
PigSus
PrawnDendrobranchiata
RabbitOryctolagus cuniculus
RatRodentia
Rat snakePtyas mucosa
Rattle snakeCrotalinae
Rhesus monkeyMacaca mulatta
RhinocerosRhinoceros unicornis
Sea snakeHydrophiinae
SheepOvis aries
Siberian craneGrus leucogeranus
SnakeheadChannidae
SparrowPasser domesticus
SpiderAraneae
StarfishAsteroidea
TigerPanthera tigris
Tiger SnakeNotechis scutatus
Wild AssEquus africanus asinus
Wild boarSus scrofa
WolfCanis lupus
ZebraEquus quagga
EarthwormLumbricus
GrasshopperCaelifera
Honey BeeApis
PigeonColumba livia
snakeSerpentes

Some Scientific Names of Plants

Listed below are the some scientific names of a few common plants which are usually ask in competitive exam.

Some Common Plant Names with Their Scientific Names

Name of PlantsScientific Name
AppleMalus domestica
BambooBamboosa aridinarifolia
BananaMusa paradisiaca
BanyanFicus benghalensis
Black GramPlasoes mungo
Black PepperPiper nigrum
BrinjalSolanum melongena
CapsicumCapsicum frutescens
CarrotDaucas carota
CloveSyzygium aromaticum
CorianderCoriandrum sativum
CottonGossypium herbaceum
CucumberCucumis sativus
Curry plantMurraya koenigii
DrumstickMoringa oleifera
GarlicAllium sativum
GingerZingiber officinale
Green GramPhaseolies aulicus
GuavaPsidium guajava
HennaLawsonia inermis
Horse GramDolichos biffoeus
JowarSorghum vulgare
LemonCitrus limonium
LettuceLactuca sativa
MaizeZea mays
MangoMangifera indica
MintMentha arvensis
Money PlantEpipremnum aureum
NeemAzadirachta indica
OnionAllium cepa
OrangeCitrus aurantium
PineappleAnanas comosus
PotatoSolanum tuberosum
RadishRaphanus sativus
Red GramCajanus cajan
SandalwoodSantalum album
SpinachSpinacia oleracea
TobaccoNicotina tobaccum
TomatoSolanum lycopersicum
TulsiOcimum sanctum
TurmericCurcuma longa
WatermelonCitrullus vulgaris
WheatTriticum aestivum

Some Scientific Names of Extinct Organisms

List of the most popular and well-known extinct organisms along with their scientific names.

Some Extinct Organisms with Their Scientific Names

Extinct OrganismsScientific Names
Passenger pigeonEctopistes migratorius
Tasmanian tigerThylacinus cynocephalus
MoaDinornithiformes
T-RexTyrannosaurus rex
Great aukPinguinus impennis
MegalodonCarcharocles megalodon

Read Also: Branches of Biology

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