Meghalaya Static GK [PDF] For All Competitive Exams 2024

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Here in this article, we will explore Meghalaya static GK [PDF] facts that are useful for all competitive exams in 2024. We all know state-related static GK is an important part of the general knowledge section as well as any competitive government exams.

Usually, in state government competitive exams, many questions are asked from state static GK (for example, Meghalaya). To understand the importance of this topic, we have compiled all the static facts about the Meghalaya state in one place in the best way possible. Also, we have provided a Meghalaya Static GK pdf download link below this article, which will help you study offline.

List Of Meghalaya Static GK Questions And Answers

Meghalaya, in the northeastern part of India, shares its borders with Assam to the north and east, and with Bangladesh to the south and west. The northern and eastern parts are connected to Assam, while the southern and western parts touch Bangladesh. Meghalaya has hills and plateaus that make its landscape unique. The state is divided into districts like East Khasi Hills and Garo Hills, each adding to Meghalaya’s beauty and diversity. Here’s a table with some more information about Meghalaya Static GK :

LocationNortheastern India
BordersAssam and Bangladesh
Formation21 January 1972
Largest CityShillong
Districts12 nos
Present governorShri Phagu Chauhan
Chief MinisterConrad Sangma
Total Area 22,429 km2 (8,660 sq mi)
Population 2,964,007 (Census 2021)
Population rank 22rd
Density130/km2 (300/sq mi)
Literacy Rate74.43% (24th)
Sex Ratio989 (F)/1000(M)
Legislative Assembly60 Seats
Lower House2 Seats
Upper House 1 Seat
High Court Meghalaya High Court

Official LanguageEnglish
Official ScriptLatin script
State Animal Clouded leopard
State Bird Hill myna
State FlowerLady’s Slipper Orchid
State TreeGamhar
LakeUmiam Lake
Major FestivalsNongkrem Dance, Wangala Festival, Ahaia
National ParkBalpakram National Park, Nokrek National Park
Wildlife Sanctuary Baghmara Pitcher Plant Wildlife Sanctuary, Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary, Siju Bird Sanctuary

Meghalaya Static GK:: Miscellaneous

Sl No.QuestionAnswer
1Which states border Meghalaya?Assam (North and East), Bangladesh (South and West)
2What type of terrain characterizes Meghalaya?Hills, plateaus, and valleys
3Name the districts in Meghalaya.East Khasi Hills, West Khasi Hills, East Garo Hills, West Garo Hills, South Garo Hills, North Garo Hills, Ri-Bhoi
4Which hills are famous in Meghalaya?Khasi Hills, Garo Hills, Jaintia Hills
5What is the primary language spoken in Meghalaya?Khasi and Garo
6Which festival is widely celebrated in Meghalaya?Shad Suk Mynsiem
7What is the famous living root bridge in Meghalaya?Double-Decker Living Root Bridge
8Meghalaya is known for receiving heavy rainfall. What is the local term for this area?The “Abode of Clouds”
9What is the name of the highest peak in Meghalaya?Shillong Peak
10Which national park is located in Meghalaya?Balphakram National Park
11Meghalaya is rich in which mineral resource?Coal
12What is the traditional Khasi dress called?Jymphong and Jainsem
13Which famous limestone cave system is located in Meghalaya?Mawsmai Caves
15Name the popular traditional Khasi percussion instrument.Ksing Shynrang
16Which river flows through the city of Shillong?Umkhrah River
17What is the famous market in Shillong known for local handicrafts and products?Police Bazaar
18Which lake, known for its scenic beauty, is situated near Shillong?Umiam Lake
19What is the name of the traditional Khasi rice beer?Kyat
20Meghalaya is predominantly inhabited by which indigenous communities?Khasi, Garo, and Jaintia
21What is the traditional Garo dance form?Wangala Dance
22Which wildlife sanctuary is known for its red panda population in Meghalaya?Nokrek National Park
23Which river forms the boundary between Meghalaya and Assam?Dawki River
24Name the Meghalaya state bird.Hill Myna
25What is the Meghalaya state flower?Lady’s Slipper Orchid
26Which waterfall, often referred to as the “Elephant Falls,” is near Shillong?Three Steps Waterfalls
27What is the traditional Khasi way of governing village councils called?Dorbar Shnong
28Which famous limestone cave in Meghalaya is illuminated and known as the “Fairy Cave”?Mawmluh Cave
29Meghalaya celebrates which festival with a grand boat race on the Umngot River?Wangala Festival
30Name the Meghalaya state tree.Gamhar (Gmelina arborea)
31What is the local alcoholic beverage made from fermented rice in Meghalaya?Kyat or Yu
32In which district of Meghalaya is the famous Mawlynnong Village located?East Khasi Hills
33Which ancient monolith site, considered sacred, is found in the Jaintia Hills?Nartiang Monoliths
34What is the name of the Meghalaya state animal?Clouded Leopard
35Which cave in Meghalaya is famous for its unique stalagmite formations?Krem Liat Prah

Important Facts of Meghalaya State for Competitive Exams

  • Meghalaya became a full-fledged state on January 21, 1972.
  • The capital is Shillong.
  • Known for hills, plateaus, and valleys in northeastern India.
  • Shares borders with Assam to the north and east, and Bangladesh to the south and west.
  • Divided into districts, including East Khasi Hills, West Khasi Hills, East Garo Hills, West Garo Hills, South Garo Hills, North Garo Hills, and Ri-Bhoi.
  • Predominantly inhabited by Khasi, Garo, and Jaintia tribes.
  • Primary languages are Khasi and Garo.
  • Economy relies on agriculture, horticulture, and coal resources.
  • Tourist attractions include living root bridges, waterfalls (e.g., Nohkalikai Falls), and Umngot River in Dawki.
  • Renowned for limestone caves like Mawsmai Cave and Krem Liat Prah.
  • Important festivals: Shad Suk Mynsiem, Wangala, Behdienkhlam.
  • Home to national parks like Balphakram National Park and Nokrek National Park.
  • Umngot River is known for its crystal-clear waters and hosts the Dawki Boat Festival.
  • Traditional Khasi mat is called Tlieng.
  • The festival celebrating the harvesting season with traditional dances is Behdienkhlam.
  • Nohkalikai Falls, one of the highest waterfalls, is in East Khasi Hills.
  • The state insect is the Red Helen Butterfly.
  • Jowai is known as the “Caving Capital of India.”
  • The famous “Elephant Falls” near Shillong is also known as Three Steps Waterfalls.
  • The Double-Decker Living Root Bridge is a unique natural marvel.
  • Kyat and Yu are traditional alcoholic beverages made from fermented rice.
  • Dorbar Shnong is the traditional Khasi way of governing village councils.
  • The Nartiang Monoliths, considered sacred, are found in the Jaintia Hills.
  • The Clouded Leopard is the state animal of Meghalaya.

Meghalaya Static GK PDF

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