Branches of Biology from A to Z

In this post, we will discuss the Different 100 Branches of Biology From A to Z. In this point of view, Statistical General Knowledge is very important in any competitive examination and Sub Divisions of Biology are an important aspect of statistical general knowledge. Every year there are one or two questions that come up in the various competitive exam from studies related to biology, such as UPSC, Bank, SSC, PSC, etc. So all aspirants must know about Different Fields of Biology Branches Definition.

What is Biology

We know that our universe is made up of stars, planets, suns, and our world resides in a tiny corner of the universe. I ask throughout the question of what made our world such a beautiful thing, then the answer would be life. There is only life on earth, and biology is the study of life.

The word biology comes from two Greek words, the word bio which means life, and logos which means study. But when we talk about life, it does not mean that we understand only humans, we also understand trees, animals, birds, and various microorganisms. Below we discuss Different Branches of Biology A to Z and Sub-Branches of Biology A to Z.

Different Branch of Biology A to Z

Types of biology to study can be mainly divided into three parts. They study different sections of the organism.

  1. Zoology
  2. Botany
  3. Microbiology
Branches of Biology Different

1. What is Botany ?

Botany is a department of biology that study of plants organisms and their environment, the activity of anatomy, the relationship with the environment.

Branch of Botany

Botany is divided into ten sections. They are

  1. Taxonomy
  2. Anatomy
  3. Pathology
  4. Genetics
  5. Physiology
  6. Ecology
  7. Palaeology
  8. Embryology
  9. Morphology
  10. Histology

What is Zoology ?

Zoology is about animals studying science. The word zoology means Zoo means animal and logy means study. Zoology is the study of the ecology, behavior, and function of various organisms.

Branch of Zoology

The zoologies are divided into six sections.

  1. Protozoology
  2. Ichthyology
  3. mammalogy.
  4. Ornithology
  5. Entomology
  6. Herpetology

What is Microbiology ?

Microbiology is a department of biology that studies small living things. Small living things refer to animals that we cannot see with empty eyes, they are called microbes. Such as algae, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, etc.

Branch of Microbiology

Microbiology is divided into two branches, the (i) Pure branch, and the (ii) Applied branch. The categories are given below.

(i) Pure Science Branches of Microbiology
  1. Immunology
  2. Bacteriology
  3. Mycology
  4. Genetics
  5. Protozoology
  6. Parasitology
  7. Algology
(ii) Applied Branches of Biology
  1. Epidemiology
  2. Medical Microbiology
  3. Air Microbiology
  4. Pharmaceutical Microbiology
  5. Aquatic Microbiology
  6. Industrial Microbiology
  7. Agriculture Microbiology
  8. Food Microbiology
  9. Soil Microbiology

25 Branches of Biology and Their Meaning

The main 25 branches of biology are discussed below :

SL No.Branches of BiologyStudy With
1BotanyBotany is about a science-based learning plant life.
2ZoologyZoology is the study of animals.
3MicrobiologyMicrobiology is the study of small living things.
4AnatomyIt is the investigation of the inner structure which can be seen with an independent eye after analysis.
5MorphologyIt is the investigation of outside structure, size, shape, shading, structure, and relative situation of the different living organs of living creatures.
6Cell BiologyStudy of Cell. It is the investigation of morphological, authoritative, biochemical, physiological, hereditary, formative, neurotic and transformative parts of the cell and its segments. This is cell definition biology.
7HistologyIt is the investigation of tissue association and structure as seen through the light magnifying instrument. The word Histology comes from two words, Hristos means tissues and logy means knowledge.
8GeneticsIt is the investigation of the legacy of characters or heredity and varieties. Heredity is the investigation of articulation and transmission of attributes from guardians to posterity. This is a genetics definition of biology.
9PhysiologyIt is the investigation of various sorts of body capacities and procedures.
10TaxonomyIt is the study of distinguishing proof, terminology, and characterization of living beings.
11EmbryologyIt is the investigation of preparation, development, division, and separation of the zygote into an incipient organism or early improvement of living creatures before the achievement of structure and size of the posterity.
12Environmental BiologyIt manages the investigation of the collaborations between the life forms and their surroundings.
13PaleontologyIt manages the investigation of fossils or remains and impressions of past living beings present in the stones of various ages.
14ParasitologyThis branch manages the investigation of parasites.
15SociobiologyThis branch manages the investigation of the social conduct of the animals that make social orders.
16ImmunologyIt is the investigation of the insusceptible arrangement of creatures, which protect the body against attacking organisms.
17BiotechnologyIt manages the pragmatic use of living beings to make substances for the government assistance of humankind.
18PharmacologyIt is the investigation of medications and their consequences for the arrangement of the human body.
19EntomologyIt is the study of insects
20BiophysicsBiophysics is a part of science that utilizes the techniques for material science to examine natural procedures.
21Molecular biologyIt is the investigation of the nature, physicochemical association, blend working, and collaboration of bio-atoms that realize and control different exercises of the cellular material.
22BiomathematicsBiomathematics (otherwise called numerical science and by some of its subfields including computational science or frameworks science) is an interdisciplinary field that utilizes scientific methods and devices to show characteristic and natural procedures.
23BiochemistryStudy of chemical reactions in relation to life activities.
24BioeconomicsBioeconomics is the hypothesis of financial abuse of living assets, managing two powerful frameworks
25BiogeographyBiogeography is the investigation of the dispersion of species and biological systems in geographic space and through land time.

Botany

botany

Botany is the scientific study of plants, including their physiology, morphology, ecology, evolution, and economic importance. Botanists study all types of plants, from the smallest microorganisms to the largest trees, and use various techniques to understand the biology of plants and their interactions with the environment. Botany is a diverse field that encompasses many subdisciplines, including plant ecology, taxonomy, physiology, genetics, and phycology (the study of algae).

Zoology

zoology

Zoology is the branch of biology that deals with the study of animals and their characteristics, behavior, physiology, genetics, and evolution. Zoologists study a wide range of animals, from the smallest invertebrates to the largest mammals, and use a variety of techniques to understand the biology of animals and their interactions with the environment. Zoology is a diverse field that encompasses many subdisciplines, such as animal behavior, ecology, physiology, genetics, and ornithology (the study of birds), herpetology (the study of reptiles and amphibians), ichthyology (the study of fish) etc.

Microbiology

Branches of Biology from A to Z

Microbiology is the branch of biology that deals with the study of microorganisms, which are organisms that are too small to be seen with the naked eye. Microorganisms include bacteria, archaea, viruses, fungi, and protozoa. Microbiologists use a variety of techniques, such as microscopy, culturing, and genetic sequencing, to study the biology, behavior, and ecology of microorganisms.

Microbiology has many subdisciplines, such as virology, which studies viruses; bacteriology, which studies bacteria; and mycology, which studies fungi. Microbiology is an important field with many practical applications, such as in medicine, agriculture, and biotechnology. Microorganisms are also known for their importance in food industry, fermentation and pollution control.

Anatomy

Branches of Biology from A to Z

Anatomy is the branch of biology that deals with the study of the structure and organization of living organisms. Anatomy can be divided into two main categories: gross anatomy, which deals with the study of visible structures, and microscopic anatomy, which deals with the study of structures that can only be seen with a microscope.

Gross anatomy is further divided into several subdisciplines such as human anatomy, veterinary anatomy, and comparative anatomy. Human anatomy deals with the study of the structure of the human body and its various organs and systems. Veterinary anatomy deals with the study of the structure of animals, particularly domesticated animals such as cows, horses, and dogs, and it is mostly used in veterinary medicine. Comparative anatomy is the study of the structural differences and similarities between different species of animals.

Morphology

Morphology

Morphology is the branch of biology that deals with the study of the form, structure, and organization of living organisms. Morphology is closely related to anatomy, but whereas anatomy focuses on the study of the structural details of living organisms, morphology looks at the overall shape and form of an organism. It can be divided into two main categories: gross morphology, which deals with the study of visible structures, and microscopic morphology, which deals with the study of structures that can only be seen with a microscope.

Cell Biology

Cell Biology

Cell biology is the branch of biology that deals with the study of cells, the basic unit of life. Cells are the building blocks of all living organisms, and cell biology aims to understand the structure, function, growth, reproduction, and death of cells.

Cell biology is a highly interdisciplinary field, drawing on knowledge from other areas of biology such as genetics, biochemistry, and molecular biology. It encompasses many subdisciplines such as cytology, which deals with the study of the structure of cells; genetics, which deals with the study of heredity and genetic variation; and biochemistry, which deals with the study of the chemical processes that take place within and related to living organisms.

Histology

Histology

Histology is the branch of biology that deals with the study of the structure and organization of tissues at a microscopic level. Tissues are groups of similar cells that work together to perform a specific function. Histology uses a variety of techniques such as light microscopy, electron microscopy, and immunohistochemistry to study the structure, composition and function of different types of tissues.

Genetics

Genetics

Genetics is the branch of biology that deals with the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms. Genetics is concerned with how traits and characteristics are passed from one generation to the next, and how genetic information is stored, inherited and expressed.

Genetics is a highly interdisciplinary field, drawing on knowledge from other areas of biology such as biochemistry, molecular biology, and cell biology. It encompasses many subdisciplines such as classical genetics, which deals with the study of Mendelian inheritance and the genetic variation of traits in populations, molecular genetics which deals with the study of the structure and function of genes at the molecular level, and genetic epidemiology which deals with the study of the genetic factors that contribute to the development of diseases.

Physiology

Physiology

Physiology is the branch of biology that deals with the study of the functions and processes of living organisms and their individual organs, tissues and cells. Physiology encompasses a wide range of topics, from the molecular and cellular level, to the functioning of entire organ systems and the entire organism.

Physiology is a highly interdisciplinary field, drawing on knowledge from other areas of biology such as biochemistry, anatomy, and pharmacology. It encompasses many subdisciplines such as cellular physiology, which deals with the study of the functions of cells and organelles; systems physiology, which deals with the study of the functions of organ systems such as the cardiovascular, respiratory, and nervous systems; and comparative physiology, which deals with the study of the physiological differences and similarities between different species of animals.

Physiology plays a crucial role in many areas of modern biology and medicine. For example, it helps us understand how the body maintains homeostasis, how different organ systems interact and communicate, and how various environmental factors affect the body. It also plays an important role in fields such as sports science, where it helps us understand how the body responds to physical activity and training. In addition, physiology plays an important role in the field of medicine, providing the basis for understanding normal bodily functions, and how various diseases and disorders affect these functions.

Taxonomy

Taxonomy

Taxonomy is the branch of biology that deals with the classification, identification, and naming of living organisms. Taxonomy provides a framework for organizing the diversity of life into a logical and coherent system that reflects the evolutionary relationships among organisms.

Taxonomy is a hierarchical process, with the broadest category being the domain and the most specific category being the species. The most widely used system of classification is the Linnaean system, which uses a combination of morphological and genetic characteristics to classify organisms into different groups, such as kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species.

Taxonomy plays a crucial role in many areas of biology and related fields. For example, it helps to identify and organize organisms, which is important for fields such as ecology and conservation biology. In addition, it helps in the study of evolution, phylogenetics and biogeography, and also plays a key role in fields such as agriculture, medicine, and biotechnology. Taxonomy helps to identify the organisms, and it is also used to understand the distribution, diversity, and relationships of organisms, which is important for understanding the processes that shape life on Earth.

100+ Branches Of Biology and Their Meaning

Sl No.Branches of BiologyStudy Of
1AnatomyStudy of tics and vermin.
2AcarologyStudy of tics and vermin.
3ActinobiologyStudy of radiation impacts on living beings.
4AerobiologyStudy of Flying organisms.
5AgroforestryStudy of yields and trees crops are developed
6AgronomyStudy of yield plants
7AgrostologyStudy of grasses.
8AngiologyStudy of blood vascular framework.
9AnthologyStudy of flowers.
10AnthropologyStudy of apes and man.
11ApicultureStudy of Bee
12AraneologyStudy of Spider.
13ArthrologyStudy of joints.
14AschelitinthologyStudy of worms
15BacteriologyStudy of bacteria.
16BatrachologyStudy of the frog.
17BiochemistryStudy of chemical reactions.
18BiometricsStudy of biological experiments.
19BiotechnologyStudy of biological organisms.
20BryologyStudy of Bryophytes.
21BiophysicsStudy of physical aspects of living organisms.
22CytologyStudy of cells and their organelles.
23CarcinologyStudy of crabs and crustaceans
24CardiologyStudy of heart.
25ChondrologyStudy of Cartilage.
26ChromatologyStudy of Pigments.
27CnidologyStudy of Coelenterata.
28ConchologyStudy of shells.
29CraniologyStudy of skulls
30CryobiologyStudy of in very lower temperature effects in life.
31CtetologyStudy of characteristics of organisms
32DendrologyStudy of shrubs and trees
33DendrologyStudy of shrubs and trees
34DermatologyStudy of skin
35EcobiologyStudy of problems of existence of life in outer space
36EcologyStudy of the relationship between organism and environment
37EmbryologyStudy of embryo
38EndocrinologyStudy of glands and their secretions
39EntomologyStudy of insects
40EnzymologyStudy of enzymes
41EthnologyStudy of man-kinds
42EthologyStudy of conditions of animals or behavior.
43EtiologyStudy of diseases
44EugenicsStudy of improvement of the human race by applying laws of heredity.
45EuphenicsStudy of improvement of the human race by drug treatment.
46EuthenicsStudy of improvement of the human race by improving the environment.
47EvolutionStudy of inter-relationship between organisms of past and present days.
48ExobiologyStudy of Space biology
49FloricultureStudy of flower yielding plants
50GeneticsStudy of heredity and variations
51GerontologyStudy of growing old
52GynaecologyStudy of female reproductive organs
53HaematologyStudy of blood
54HelminthologyStudy of helminths
55HepatologyStudy of liver
56HerpetologyStudy of lizards and reptiles
57HypnologyStudy of sleep
58HistochemistryStudy of the chemical nature of tissues
59HorticultureStudy of flower and fruits plants
60IchnologyStudy of fossil and footprints
61ImmunologyStudy of resistance of organisms against infection
62KalologyStudy of sensory
63KaryologyStudy of nucleus
64LepidopterologyStudy of moths
65LichenologyStudy of lichens
66LimnologyStudy of relation of plants and animals with freshwater lakes, ponds, and streams in
67MalacologyStudy of mollusks
68MammalogyStudy of mammals
69MastologyStudy of breasts
70MelanologyStudy of pigments
71Molecular BiologyStudy of life sciences
72MycologyStudy of fungi
73MyrmecologyStudy of ants
74NeonatologyStudy of the new-born ( one month of age )
75NephrologyStudy of kidney
76NeurologyStudy of the nervous system
77NidologyStudy of nests of birds
78NisologyStudy of diseases
79OdontologyStudy of teeth
80OlericultureStudy of vegetable
81OncologyStudy of cancer
82OneirologyStudy of dreams
83OntogenyStudy of embryonic history
84OologyStudy of bird egg
85OphthalmologyStudy of eyes
86OrganicologyStudy of the development of organs
87OrganologyStudy of organs
88OrnithologyStudy of Bird
89OsteologyStudy of Bone
90OtorhinolaryngologyStudy of ear, nose, and throat
91PaedologyStudy of larval stages
92PaleozoologyStudy of fossils and fossils distribution in time.
93PalaeozoologyStudy of fossils of animals
94PalynologyStudy of pollen grains and relation to taxonomy and evolution
95ParasitologyStudy of parasites
96PathologyStudy of Human various diseases
97ParazoologyStudy of Porifera
98PedologyStudy of soils
99PharmacognosyStudy of the medicinal plants
100PharmacologyStudy of synthesis
101PhenologyStudy of organisms as affected by seasonal climates
102PhrenologyStudy of mental faculties of the brain
103PhycologyStudy of algae
104PhylogenyStudy of evolutionary history
105PhysiologyStudy of functions of various parts
106PiscicultureStudy of rearing of fishes
107Platyhelminth OlogyStudy of flatworms
108PomologyStudy of fruits
109PoultryStudy of keepings of foul
110ProctologyStudy of rectum and anus
110ProtistologyStudy of protests.
111PteridologyStudy of pteridophytes
112RainologyStudy of nose
113SaurologyStudy of lizards
114SericultureStudy of the culture of silk moth and pupa
115SerologyStudy of serum
116SerpentologyStudy of snakes
117SilvicultureStudy of forests
118SitologyStudy of dietetics
119SpeciologyStudy of species
120SpermologyStudy of seeds
121SplanchnologyStudy of visceral organs
123StomatologyStudy of buccal cavity and stomach
124SynecologyStudy of bony joints and ligaments
125Taxi dermatologyStudy of skin and stuffing
126TaxonomyStudy of classification of organisms
127TeratologyStudy of fetal malformations
128TorpedologyStudy of skates and rays
129ToxicologyStudy of narcotics
130TraumatologyStudy of wounds and turnover
131TrichologyStudy of hair
132TrophologyStudy of nutrition
133UrobiologyStudy of bodies in liquids by chemicals
134UrologyStudy of wine
135VirologyStudy of virus
136ZoogeographyStudy of distribution of animals on earth
137ZoophytologyStudy of micro-organisms
100 Branches Of Biology

Article Information Sources: Wikipedia

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Branches of Biology :: FAQ

What are the major branches of biology?

Branches of Biology are divided into three parts. They study different sections of the organism.
1. Zoology
2. Botany
3. Microbiology

What are the main branches of Zoology?

1. Protozoology
2. Ichthyology
3. Mammalogy.
4. Ornithology
5. Entomology
6. Herpetology

What are the main branches of Botany?

1. Taxonomy
2. Anatomy
3. Pathology
4. Genetics
5. Physiology
6. Ecology
7. Palaeology
8. Embryology
9. Morphology
10. Histology

What are the main branches of Microbiology?

1. Pure branch
2. Applied branch

What are branches of Pure Branches?

1. Immunology
2. Bacteriology
3. Mycology
4. Genetics
5. Protozoology
6. Parasitology
7. Algology

What are branches of Applied Branches?

1. Epidemiology
2. Medical Microbiology
3. Air Microbiology
4. Pharmaceutical Microbiology
5. Aquatic Microbiology
6. Industrial Microbiology
7. Agriculture Microbiology
8. Food Microbiology
9. Soil Microbiology

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