In this post, we will discuss the Different 100 Branches of Biology From A to Z. In this point of view, Statistical General Knowledge is very important in any competitive examination and Sub Divisions of Biology are an important aspect of statistical general knowledge. Every year there are one or two questions that come up in the various competitive exam from studies related to biology, such as UPSC, Bank, SSC, PSC, etc. So all aspirants must know about Different Fields of Biology Branches Definition.
What is Biology
We know that our universe is made up of stars, planets, suns, and our world resides in a tiny corner of the universe. I ask throughout the question of what made our world such a beautiful thing, then the answer would be life. There is only life on earth, and biology is the study of life.
The word biology comes from two Greek words, the word bio which means life, and logos which means study. But when we talk about life, it does not mean that we understand only humans, we also understand trees, animals, birds, and various microorganisms. Below we discuss Different Branches of Biology A to Z and Sub-Branches of Biology A to Z.
Different Branch of Biology A to Z
Types of biology to study can be mainly divided into three parts. They study different sections of the organism.
1. What is Botany ?
Botany is a department of biology that study of plants organisms and their environment, the activity of anatomy, the relationship with the environment.
Branch of Botany
Botany is divided into ten sections. They are
What is Zoology ?
Zoology is about animals studying science. The word zoology means Zoo means animal and logy means study. Zoology is the study of the ecology, behavior, and function of various organisms.
Branch of Zoology
The zoologies are divided into six sections.
What is Microbiology ?
Microbiology is a department of biology that studies small living things. Small living things refer to animals that we cannot see with empty eyes, they are called microbes. Such as algae, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, etc.
Branch of Microbiology
Microbiology is divided into two branches, the (i) Pure branch, and the (ii) Applied branch. The categories are given below.
(i) Pure Science Branches of Microbiology
(ii) Applied Branches of Biology
- Medical Microbiology
- Air Microbiology
- Pharmaceutical Microbiology
- Aquatic Microbiology
- Industrial Microbiology
- Agriculture Microbiology
- Food Microbiology
- Soil Microbiology
25 Branches of Biology and Their Meaning
The main 25 branches of biology are discussed below :
|SL No.||Branches of Biology||Study With|
|1||Botany||Botany is about a science-based learning plant life.|
|2||Zoology||Zoology is the study of animals.|
|3||Microbiology||Microbiology is the study of small living things.|
|4||Anatomy||It is the investigation of the inner structure which can be seen with an independent eye after analysis.|
|5||Morphology||It is the investigation of outside structure, size, shape, shading, structure, and relative situation of the different living organs of living creatures.|
|6||Cell Biology||Study of Cell. It is the investigation of morphological, authoritative, biochemical, physiological, hereditary, formative, neurotic and transformative parts of the cell and its segments. This is cell definition biology.|
|7||Histology||It is the investigation of tissue association and structure as seen through the light magnifying instrument. The word Histology comes from two words, Hristos means tissues and logy means knowledge.|
|8||Genetics||It is the investigation of the legacy of characters or heredity and varieties. Heredity is the investigation of articulation and transmission of attributes from guardians to posterity. This is a genetics definition of biology.|
|9||Physiology||It is the investigation of various sorts of body capacities and procedures.|
|10||Taxonomy||It is the study of distinguishing proof, terminology, and characterization of living beings.|
|11||Embryology||It is the investigation of preparation, development, division, and separation of the zygote into an incipient organism or early improvement of living creatures before the achievement of structure and size of the posterity.|
|12||Environmental Biology||It manages the investigation of the collaborations between the life forms and their surroundings.|
|13||Paleontology||It manages the investigation of fossils or remains and impressions of past living beings present in the stones of various ages.|
|14||Parasitology||This branch manages the investigation of parasites.|
|15||Sociobiology||This branch manages the investigation of the social conduct of the animals that make social orders.|
|16||Immunology||It is the investigation of the insusceptible arrangement of creatures, which protect the body against attacking organisms.|
|17||Biotechnology||It manages the pragmatic use of living beings to make substances for the government assistance of humankind.|
|18||Pharmacology||It is the investigation of medications and their consequences for the arrangement of the human body.|
|19||Entomology||It is the study of insects|
|20||Biophysics||Biophysics is a part of science that utilizes the techniques for material science to examine natural procedures.|
|21||Molecular biology||It is the investigation of the nature, physicochemical association, blend working, and collaboration of bio-atoms that realize and control different exercises of the cellular material.|
|22||Biomathematics||Biomathematics (otherwise called numerical science and by some of its subfields including computational science or frameworks science) is an interdisciplinary field that utilizes scientific methods and devices to show characteristic and natural procedures.|
|23||Biochemistry||Study of chemical reactions in relation to life activities.|
|24||Bioeconomics||Bioeconomics is the hypothesis of financial abuse of living assets, managing two powerful frameworks|
|25||Biogeography||Biogeography is the investigation of the dispersion of species and biological systems in geographic space and through land time.|
Botany is the scientific study of plants, including their physiology, morphology, ecology, evolution, and economic importance. Botanists study all types of plants, from the smallest microorganisms to the largest trees, and use various techniques to understand the biology of plants and their interactions with the environment. Botany is a diverse field that encompasses many subdisciplines, including plant ecology, taxonomy, physiology, genetics, and phycology (the study of algae).
Zoology is the branch of biology that deals with the study of animals and their characteristics, behavior, physiology, genetics, and evolution. Zoologists study a wide range of animals, from the smallest invertebrates to the largest mammals, and use a variety of techniques to understand the biology of animals and their interactions with the environment. Zoology is a diverse field that encompasses many subdisciplines, such as animal behavior, ecology, physiology, genetics, and ornithology (the study of birds), herpetology (the study of reptiles and amphibians), ichthyology (the study of fish) etc.
Microbiology is the branch of biology that deals with the study of microorganisms, which are organisms that are too small to be seen with the naked eye. Microorganisms include bacteria, archaea, viruses, fungi, and protozoa. Microbiologists use a variety of techniques, such as microscopy, culturing, and genetic sequencing, to study the biology, behavior, and ecology of microorganisms.
Microbiology has many subdisciplines, such as virology, which studies viruses; bacteriology, which studies bacteria; and mycology, which studies fungi. Microbiology is an important field with many practical applications, such as in medicine, agriculture, and biotechnology. Microorganisms are also known for their importance in food industry, fermentation and pollution control.
Anatomy is the branch of biology that deals with the study of the structure and organization of living organisms. Anatomy can be divided into two main categories: gross anatomy, which deals with the study of visible structures, and microscopic anatomy, which deals with the study of structures that can only be seen with a microscope.
Gross anatomy is further divided into several subdisciplines such as human anatomy, veterinary anatomy, and comparative anatomy. Human anatomy deals with the study of the structure of the human body and its various organs and systems. Veterinary anatomy deals with the study of the structure of animals, particularly domesticated animals such as cows, horses, and dogs, and it is mostly used in veterinary medicine. Comparative anatomy is the study of the structural differences and similarities between different species of animals.
Morphology is the branch of biology that deals with the study of the form, structure, and organization of living organisms. Morphology is closely related to anatomy, but whereas anatomy focuses on the study of the structural details of living organisms, morphology looks at the overall shape and form of an organism. It can be divided into two main categories: gross morphology, which deals with the study of visible structures, and microscopic morphology, which deals with the study of structures that can only be seen with a microscope.
Cell biology is the branch of biology that deals with the study of cells, the basic unit of life. Cells are the building blocks of all living organisms, and cell biology aims to understand the structure, function, growth, reproduction, and death of cells.
Cell biology is a highly interdisciplinary field, drawing on knowledge from other areas of biology such as genetics, biochemistry, and molecular biology. It encompasses many subdisciplines such as cytology, which deals with the study of the structure of cells; genetics, which deals with the study of heredity and genetic variation; and biochemistry, which deals with the study of the chemical processes that take place within and related to living organisms.
Histology is the branch of biology that deals with the study of the structure and organization of tissues at a microscopic level. Tissues are groups of similar cells that work together to perform a specific function. Histology uses a variety of techniques such as light microscopy, electron microscopy, and immunohistochemistry to study the structure, composition and function of different types of tissues.
Genetics is the branch of biology that deals with the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms. Genetics is concerned with how traits and characteristics are passed from one generation to the next, and how genetic information is stored, inherited and expressed.
Genetics is a highly interdisciplinary field, drawing on knowledge from other areas of biology such as biochemistry, molecular biology, and cell biology. It encompasses many subdisciplines such as classical genetics, which deals with the study of Mendelian inheritance and the genetic variation of traits in populations, molecular genetics which deals with the study of the structure and function of genes at the molecular level, and genetic epidemiology which deals with the study of the genetic factors that contribute to the development of diseases.
Physiology is the branch of biology that deals with the study of the functions and processes of living organisms and their individual organs, tissues and cells. Physiology encompasses a wide range of topics, from the molecular and cellular level, to the functioning of entire organ systems and the entire organism.
Physiology is a highly interdisciplinary field, drawing on knowledge from other areas of biology such as biochemistry, anatomy, and pharmacology. It encompasses many subdisciplines such as cellular physiology, which deals with the study of the functions of cells and organelles; systems physiology, which deals with the study of the functions of organ systems such as the cardiovascular, respiratory, and nervous systems; and comparative physiology, which deals with the study of the physiological differences and similarities between different species of animals.
Physiology plays a crucial role in many areas of modern biology and medicine. For example, it helps us understand how the body maintains homeostasis, how different organ systems interact and communicate, and how various environmental factors affect the body. It also plays an important role in fields such as sports science, where it helps us understand how the body responds to physical activity and training. In addition, physiology plays an important role in the field of medicine, providing the basis for understanding normal bodily functions, and how various diseases and disorders affect these functions.
Taxonomy is the branch of biology that deals with the classification, identification, and naming of living organisms. Taxonomy provides a framework for organizing the diversity of life into a logical and coherent system that reflects the evolutionary relationships among organisms.
Taxonomy is a hierarchical process, with the broadest category being the domain and the most specific category being the species. The most widely used system of classification is the Linnaean system, which uses a combination of morphological and genetic characteristics to classify organisms into different groups, such as kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species.
Taxonomy plays a crucial role in many areas of biology and related fields. For example, it helps to identify and organize organisms, which is important for fields such as ecology and conservation biology. In addition, it helps in the study of evolution, phylogenetics and biogeography, and also plays a key role in fields such as agriculture, medicine, and biotechnology. Taxonomy helps to identify the organisms, and it is also used to understand the distribution, diversity, and relationships of organisms, which is important for understanding the processes that shape life on Earth.
100+ Branches Of Biology and Their Meaning
|Sl No.||Branches of Biology||Study Of|
|1||Anatomy||Study of tics and vermin.|
|2||Acarology||Study of tics and vermin.|
|3||Actinobiology||Study of radiation impacts on living beings.|
|4||Aerobiology||Study of Flying organisms.|
|5||Agroforestry||Study of yields and trees crops are developed|
|6||Agronomy||Study of yield plants|
|7||Agrostology||Study of grasses.|
|8||Angiology||Study of blood vascular framework.|
|9||Anthology||Study of flowers.|
|10||Anthropology||Study of apes and man.|
|11||Apiculture||Study of Bee|
|12||Araneology||Study of Spider.|
|13||Arthrology||Study of joints.|
|14||Aschelitinthology||Study of worms|
|15||Bacteriology||Study of bacteria.|
|16||Batrachology||Study of the frog.|
|17||Biochemistry||Study of chemical reactions.|
|18||Biometrics||Study of biological experiments.|
|19||Biotechnology||Study of biological organisms.|
|20||Bryology||Study of Bryophytes.|
|21||Biophysics||Study of physical aspects of living organisms.|
|22||Cytology||Study of cells and their organelles.|
|23||Carcinology||Study of crabs and crustaceans|
|24||Cardiology||Study of heart.|
|25||Chondrology||Study of Cartilage.|
|26||Chromatology||Study of Pigments.|
|27||Cnidology||Study of Coelenterata.|
|28||Conchology||Study of shells.|
|29||Craniology||Study of skulls|
|30||Cryobiology||Study of in very lower temperature effects in life.|
|31||Ctetology||Study of characteristics of organisms|
|32||Dendrology||Study of shrubs and trees|
|33||Dendrology||Study of shrubs and trees|
|34||Dermatology||Study of skin|
|35||Ecobiology||Study of problems of existence of life in outer space|
|36||Ecology||Study of the relationship between organism and environment|
|37||Embryology||Study of embryo|
|38||Endocrinology||Study of glands and their secretions|
|39||Entomology||Study of insects|
|40||Enzymology||Study of enzymes|
|41||Ethnology||Study of man-kinds|
|42||Ethology||Study of conditions of animals or behavior.|
|43||Etiology||Study of diseases|
|44||Eugenics||Study of improvement of the human race by applying laws of heredity.|
|45||Euphenics||Study of improvement of the human race by drug treatment.|
|46||Euthenics||Study of improvement of the human race by improving the environment.|
|47||Evolution||Study of inter-relationship between organisms of past and present days.|
|48||Exobiology||Study of Space biology|
|49||Floriculture||Study of flower yielding plants|
|50||Genetics||Study of heredity and variations|
|51||Gerontology||Study of growing old|
|52||Gynaecology||Study of female reproductive organs|
|53||Haematology||Study of blood|
|54||Helminthology||Study of helminths|
|55||Hepatology||Study of liver|
|56||Herpetology||Study of lizards and reptiles|
|57||Hypnology||Study of sleep|
|58||Histochemistry||Study of the chemical nature of tissues|
|59||Horticulture||Study of flower and fruits plants|
|60||Ichnology||Study of fossil and footprints|
|61||Immunology||Study of resistance of organisms against infection|
|62||Kalology||Study of sensory|
|63||Karyology||Study of nucleus|
|64||Lepidopterology||Study of moths|
|65||Lichenology||Study of lichens|
|66||Limnology||Study of relation of plants and animals with freshwater lakes, ponds, and streams in|
|67||Malacology||Study of mollusks|
|68||Mammalogy||Study of mammals|
|69||Mastology||Study of breasts|
|70||Melanology||Study of pigments|
|71||Molecular Biology||Study of life sciences|
|72||Mycology||Study of fungi|
|73||Myrmecology||Study of ants|
|74||Neonatology||Study of the new-born ( one month of age )|
|75||Nephrology||Study of kidney|
|76||Neurology||Study of the nervous system|
|77||Nidology||Study of nests of birds|
|78||Nisology||Study of diseases|
|79||Odontology||Study of teeth|
|80||Olericulture||Study of vegetable|
|81||Oncology||Study of cancer|
|82||Oneirology||Study of dreams|
|83||Ontogeny||Study of embryonic history|
|84||Oology||Study of bird egg|
|85||Ophthalmology||Study of eyes|
|86||Organicology||Study of the development of organs|
|87||Organology||Study of organs|
|88||Ornithology||Study of Bird|
|89||Osteology||Study of Bone|
|90||Otorhinolaryngology||Study of ear, nose, and throat|
|91||Paedology||Study of larval stages|
|92||Paleozoology||Study of fossils and fossils distribution in time.|
|93||Palaeozoology||Study of fossils of animals|
|94||Palynology||Study of pollen grains and relation to taxonomy and evolution|
|95||Parasitology||Study of parasites|
|96||Pathology||Study of Human various diseases|
|97||Parazoology||Study of Porifera|
|98||Pedology||Study of soils|
|99||Pharmacognosy||Study of the medicinal plants|
|100||Pharmacology||Study of synthesis|
|101||Phenology||Study of organisms as affected by seasonal climates|
|102||Phrenology||Study of mental faculties of the brain|
|103||Phycology||Study of algae|
|104||Phylogeny||Study of evolutionary history|
|105||Physiology||Study of functions of various parts|
|106||Pisciculture||Study of rearing of fishes|
|107||Platyhelminth Ology||Study of flatworms|
|108||Pomology||Study of fruits|
|109||Poultry||Study of keepings of foul|
|110||Proctology||Study of rectum and anus|
|110||Protistology||Study of protests.|
|111||Pteridology||Study of pteridophytes|
|112||Rainology||Study of nose|
|113||Saurology||Study of lizards|
|114||Sericulture||Study of the culture of silk moth and pupa|
|115||Serology||Study of serum|
|116||Serpentology||Study of snakes|
|117||Silviculture||Study of forests|
|118||Sitology||Study of dietetics|
|119||Speciology||Study of species|
|120||Spermology||Study of seeds|
|121||Splanchnology||Study of visceral organs|
|123||Stomatology||Study of buccal cavity and stomach|
|124||Synecology||Study of bony joints and ligaments|
|125||Taxi dermatology||Study of skin and stuffing|
|126||Taxonomy||Study of classification of organisms|
|127||Teratology||Study of fetal malformations|
|128||Torpedology||Study of skates and rays|
|129||Toxicology||Study of narcotics|
|130||Traumatology||Study of wounds and turnover|
|131||Trichology||Study of hair|
|132||Trophology||Study of nutrition|
|133||Urobiology||Study of bodies in liquids by chemicals|
|134||Urology||Study of wine|
|135||Virology||Study of virus|
|136||Zoogeography||Study of distribution of animals on earth|
|137||Zoophytology||Study of micro-organisms|
Article Information Sources: Wikipedia
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Branches of Biology :: FAQ
What are the major branches of biology?
Branches of Biology are divided into three parts. They study different sections of the organism.
What are the main branches of Zoology?
What are the main branches of Botany?
What are the main branches of Microbiology?
1. Pure branch
2. Applied branch
What are branches of Pure Branches?
What are branches of Applied Branches?
2. Medical Microbiology
3. Air Microbiology
4. Pharmaceutical Microbiology
5. Aquatic Microbiology
6. Industrial Microbiology
7. Agriculture Microbiology
8. Food Microbiology
9. Soil Microbiology
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