Ancient Indian History MCQ Questions With Answer for Competitive Exams in English

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Ancient Indian History MCQ Quiz Questions for GK preparation of SSC, NDA, CDS, UPSC, UPPSC and State PSC Examinations. Ancient Indian history is a fascinating subject that offers a glimpse into the rich cultural heritage of India. From the Indus Valley Civilization to the Mughal Empire, ancient India has seen the rise and fall of many great dynasties and empires. To help students and history enthusiasts deepen their understanding of ancient India, we have put together Ancient Indian History MCQ Questions With an Answer For Competitive Exams in English.

The Maurya Empire Ancient Indian History MCQ Questions

Q.111. What was the capital of the Maurya Empire during the reign of Ashoka the Great?
a) Pataliputra
b) Taxila
c) Ujjain
d) Magadha

Answer: a) Pataliputra

Q.112. Which of the following regions did the Maurya Empire not encompass during its height?
a) Southern India
b) Northern India
c) Northwestern India
d) Eastern India

Answer: a) Southern India

Q.123. The Maurya Empire is credited with establishing an extensive network of roads, which facilitated trade and communication. What was the main highway connecting the empire’s major cities called?
a) Grand Trunk Road
b) Silk Road
c) Spice Route
d) Royal Highway

Answer: a) Grand Trunk Road

Q.114. Who was the Greek ambassador and historian who wrote an account of Chandragupta Maurya’s empire and its capital, Pataliputra?
a) Herodotus
b) Strabo
c) Megasthenes
d) Pliny the Elder

Answer: c) Megasthenes


What form of government did the Maurya Empire primarily have under the rule of Chandragupta Maurya and his successors?
a) Monarchy
b) Democracy
c) Oligarchy
d) Theocracy

Answer: a) Monarchy

Q.116. Who was the Mauryan emperor credited with issuing a decree in which he granted religious freedom and protection to people of all faiths and sects?
a) Bindusara
b) Chandragupta Maurya
c) Ashoka the Great
d) Samudragupta

Answer: c) Ashoka the Great

Q.117. The Maurya Empire’s control extended to parts of present-day Afghanistan and Pakistan. Which ruler successfully expanded the empire into these regions?
a) Bindusara
b) Chandragupta Maurya
c) Ashoka the Great
d) Samudragupta

Answer: b) Chandragupta Maurya

Q.118. What Buddhist council, convened by Ashoka the Great, aimed to reconcile and clarify Buddhist teachings and practices?
a) First Buddhist Council (Rajgir)
b) Second Buddhist Council (Vaisali)
c) Third Buddhist Council (Pataliputra)
d) Fourth Buddhist Council (Kundalavana)

Answer: c) Third Buddhist Council (Pataliputra)

Q.119. Which foreign traveler visited the court of the Mauryan emperor Chandragupta Maurya and wrote about his experiences in his travel accounts?
a) Marco Polo
b) Ibn Battuta
c) Xuanzang (Hsuan Tsang)
d) Fa-Hien

Answer: d) Fa-Hien

Q.120. What marked the eventual decline of the Maurya Empire after the reign of Ashoka the Great?
a) Invasion by the Huns
b) Economic instability
c) Succession disputes and fragmentation
d) Natural disasters

Answer: c) Succession disputes and fragmentation

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